Understanding the lateral dimension of traffic: Measuring and modeling lane discipline

Rafael Delpiano*

*Autor correspondiente de este trabajo

Resultado de la investigación: Capítulo del libro/informe/acta de congresoCapítulorevisión exhaustiva

Resumen

There is growing interest in understanding the lateral dimension of traffic. This trend has been motivated by the detection of phenomena unexplained by traditional models and the emergence of new technologies. Previous attempts to address this dimension have focused on lane-changing and non-lane-based traffic. The literature on vehicles keeping their lanes has generally been limited to simple statistics on vehicle position while models assume vehicles stay perfectly centered. Previously the author developed a two-dimensional traffic model aiming to capture such behavior qualitatively. Still pending is a deeper, more accurate comprehension and modeling of the relationships between variables in both axes. The present paper is based on the Next Generation SIMulation (NGSIM) datasets. It was found that lateral position is highly dependent on the longitudinal position, a phenomenon consistent with data capture from multiple cameras. A methodology is proposed to alleviate this problem. It was also discovered that the standard deviation of lateral velocity grows with longitudinal velocity and that the average lateral position varies with longitudinal velocity by up to 8 cm, possibly reflecting greater caution in overtaking. Random walk models were proposed and calibrated to reproduce some of the characteristics measured. It was determined that drivers’ response is much more sensitive to the lateral velocity than to position. These results provide a basis for further advances in understanding the lateral dimension. It is hoped that such comprehension will facilitate the design of autonomous vehicle algorithms that are friendlier to both passengers and the occupants of surrounding vehicles.
Idioma originalInglés
Título de la publicación alojadaTransportation Research Record
EditorialSAGE Publications Ltd
Páginas1030-1042
Número de páginas13
Edición12
DOI
EstadoPublicada - 2021

Serie de la publicación

NombreTransportation Research Record
Número12
Volumen2675
ISSN (versión impresa)0361-1981
ISSN (versión digital)2169-4052

Nota bibliográfica

Publisher Copyright:
© National Academy of Sciences: Transportation Research Board 2021.

Palabras clave

  • Lane changing
  • Lateral dimension
  • Lateral positions
  • Lateral velocities
  • Longitudinal velocity
  • Simple++
  • Traditional models
  • Traffic modeling
  • Two-dimensional
  • Vehicle position

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