Substance use among adolescents involved in bullying: A cross-sectional multilevel study

Jorge Gaete*, Bernardita Tornero, Daniela Valenzuela, Cristian A. Rojas-Barahona, Christina Salmivalli, Eduardo Valenzuela, Ricardo Araya

*Autor correspondiente de este trabajo

Resultado de la investigación: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva

27 Citas (Scopus)

Resumen

Being involved in bullying as a victim or perpetrator could have deleterious health consequences. Even though there is some evidence that bullies and victims of bullying have a higher risk for drug use, less is known about bystanders. The aim of this research was to study the association between bullying experience (as victims, bullies, or bystanders) and substance use. We gathered complete information from a nationally representative sample of 36,687 students (51.4% female) attending 756 schools in Chile. We used a self-reported questionnaire which was developed based on similar instruments used elsewhere. This questionnaire was piloted and presented to an expert panel for approval. We used multilevel multivariate logistic regression analyses, controlling for several variables at the individual (e.g., school membership, parental monitoring) and school levels (e.g., school type, school denomination). This study shows that bullies and bully-victims have a high risk for cigarette, alcohol, and cannabis use than bystanders. This is one of the few studies exploring the association between witnessing bullying and substance use. These findings add new insights to the study of the co-occurrence of bullying and substance use. Other factors, such as higher academic performance, stronger school membership, and better parental monitoring reduced the risk of any substance use, while the experience of domestic violence and the perception of social disorganization in the neighborhood, increased the risk. These findings may help the design of preventive interventions.
Idioma originalInglés
Número de artículo1056
PublicaciónFrontiers in Psychology
Volumen8
N.ºJUN
DOI
EstadoPublicada - 28 jun. 2017

Nota bibliográfica

Publisher Copyright:
© 2017 Gaete, Tornero, Valenzuela, Rojas-Barahona, Salmivalli, Valenzuela and Araya.

Palabras clave

  • Adolescents
  • Bullying
  • School-related factors
  • Substance use

Huella

Profundice en los temas de investigación de 'Substance use among adolescents involved in bullying: A cross-sectional multilevel study'. En conjunto forman una huella única.

Citar esto