Background: Ten to fifteen million wounded and 700,000 deaths each year, around the world, are the consequences of accidents, according to the World Health Organization. In Chile 2,269 deaths occur each year due to accidents. the successful treatment of these patients requires a schematized initial management, that is taught in the Advanced Trauma Life Support Course.Aim: To review the results of trauma treatment using this model at Hospital del Trabajador in Santiago. Patients and methods: A retrospective review of patients with trauma treated between 1984 and 1994. The severity of trauma was classified according to the Injury Severity Score. Results: Five hundred eighty eight patients (60 female) aged 35.4±14 years old were treated in the period. Vehicular accidents accounted for 62% of trauma. The most frequently injured corporal segments were limbs and pelvis in 79%, head and neck in 66% and thorax in 44%. There were 2.45 lesions per patient. Mortality was 8% and, among survivors, 79% had a complete recovery and were reintegrated to their usual activities. Fifteen percent of patients were severely injured. Among these, mortality was 28% and 43% of survivors had some sequel. Head injuries had a predominant role in mortality and post traumatic disabilities. Conclusions: These results confirm the efficacy of Advanced Trauma Life Support system in the treatment of patients with multiple trauma.
|Título traducido de la contribución||Treatment results in 588 patients with multiple trauma|
|Número de páginas||5|
|Publicación||Revista Medica de Chile|
|Estado||Publicada - dic. 1998|
- Multiple trauma
- Trauma centers
- Trauma severity indices