Proteomic Analysis of Salivary Extracellular Vesicles from COVID-19 Patients Reveals a Specific Anti-COVID-19 Response Protein Signature

Laura Weber*, Alfredo Torres*, Ornella Realini*, María José Bendek*, María Luisa Mizgier*, Claudia Brizuela*, David Herrera*, Fermín E. González*, Alejandra Chaparro*

*Autor correspondiente de este trabajo

Producción científica: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva

Resumen

Despite the understanding of the coronavirus disease-19 (COVID-19), the role of salivary extracellular vesicles (sEVs) in COVID-19 remains unclear. Exploring the proteomic cargo of sEVs could prove valuable for diagnostic and prognostic purposes in assessing COVID-19. The proteomic cargo of sEVs from COVID-19(+) subjects and their healthy close contacts (HCC) was explored. sEVs were isolated by ultracentrifugation from unstimulated saliva samples, and subsequently characterized through nanoparticle tracking, transmission electron microscopy, and Western blot analyses. The proteomic cargo of sEVs was processed by LC-MS/MS. sEVs were morphologically compatible with EVs, with the presence of Syntenin-1 and CD81 EV markers. The sEV pellet showed 1417 proteins: 1288 in COVID-19(+) cases and 1382 in HCC. In total, 124 proteins were differentially expressed in sEVs from COVID-19(+) subjects. “Coronavirus-disease response”, “complement and coagulation cascades”, and “PMN extracellular trap formation” were the most enriched KEGG pathways in COVID-19(+) cases. The most represented biological processes were “Hemoglobin and haptoglobin binding” and “oxygen carrier activity”, and the best-denoted molecular functions were “regulated exocytosis and secretion” and “leucocyte and PMN mediated immunity”. sEV proteomic cargo in COVID-19(+) suggests activity related to immune response processes, oxygen transport, and antioxidant mechanisms. In contrast, in HCC, sEV signature profiles are mainly associated with epithelial homeostasis.

Idioma originalInglés
Número de artículo3704
Páginas (desde-hasta)1-20
Número de páginas20
PublicaciónInternational Journal of Molecular Sciences
Volumen25
N.º7
DOI
EstadoPublicada - abr. 2024

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© 2024 by the authors.

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