Prevalencia de hipertensión arterial y su asociación con la obesidad en edad pediátrica

Rodrigo Bancalari, Carlos Díaz, Alejandro Martínez-Aguayo, Marlene Aglony, Juanita Zamorano, Verónica Cerda, Manuel Fernández, Flabia Garbin, Gabriel Cavada, María Valenzuela, Hernán García*

*Autor correspondiente de este trabajo

Resultado de la investigación: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva

30 Citas (Scopus)

Resumen

Background: Hypertension in children is a frequently overlooked problem that is an important cardiovascular risk factor. Aim: To determine the prevalence of hypertension among school age children. Material and Methods: Cross-sectional study of 2980 children aged 10 ± 2years (48% females) from 10 schools of middle and lower class in Metropolitan Santiago. Blood pressure (BP) was measured in the sitting position on three occasions after a rest period, using a mercury sphygmomanometer with appropriate cuff arm diameter, averaging the results of the measurements. Systolic and diastolic hypertension were defined as blood pressure values over 95percentilefor age, sex and height. Results: The overall prevalence of hypertension was 12.2% in women and 15% in men (p < 0.05). According to nutritional status, the prevalence was 6.7, 8.9,13.6 and 26% in underweight, eutrophic, overweight and obese children, respectively (p < 0.01). Compared with normal weight children, the risk of being hypertensive for overweight children was 1.6 (95% confidence intervals (CI) 1.2-2.3) and for obese children was 3.6 (95% CI 2.8-4.7). Conclusions: The studied children had a high prevalence of hypertension, that was directly related to a higher body mass index.
Título traducido de la contribuciónPrevalence of hypertension in school age children and its association with obesity
Idioma originalEspañol
Páginas (desde-hasta)872-879
Número de páginas8
PublicaciónRevista Medica de Chile
Volumen139
N.º7
DOI
EstadoPublicada - jul. 2011

Palabras clave

  • Child
  • Hypertension
  • Obesity

Huella

Profundice en los temas de investigación de 'Prevalencia de hipertensión arterial y su asociación con la obesidad en edad pediátrica'. En conjunto forman una huella única.

Citar esto