Prevalencia y factores asociados al bullying en adolescentes de 9 a 16 años en Chile.

Marcela Cárcamo*, Saray Ramirez, Jorge Gaete

*Autor correspondiente de este trabajo

Resultado de la investigación: Contribución a una conferenciaPósterrevisión exhaustiva

Resumen

Introduction: School bullying is a prevalent problem in the school context, which has been associated with mental health disorders and educational difficulties. Objectives: i) To determine the prevalence of bullying and its types among adolescents; ii) Determine cut-off points for the Olweus Bully Victim Questionnaire (OBVQ-R) instrument for the detection of victims and perpetrators according to levels of psychological distress; iii) Determine psychological distress (emotional symptoms, behavioral problems, inattention / hyperactivity, and problems with peers) through the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) in victims and perpetrators; iv) Explore the associations between bullying and mental health. Methods: Cross-sectional study that included 2,772 students between the ages of 9 and 16 in the Metropolitan and Valparaíso regions. The prevalence and level of psychological distress were calculated according to different cut-off points of the OBVQ-R. Finally, simple regression models were performed with the SDQ scales as dependent variables and the different forms of bullying as independent variables. Results: The OBVQ-R cut-off scores (lower = once or twice in the last 2 months; upper = 2 or 3 times in the last month) indicated prevalences for victimization of 25.5% and 11.1%, respectively. The prevalence of perpetration was 20.9% and 5.7%, respectively. Psychological discomfort was significantly higher from the lower cut-off point, and associated with various types of bullying. Conclusions: Future research should consider exploring different forms of bullying because they all appear to be relevant to adolescent mental health.
Título traducido de la contribuciónPrevalence and associated factors with bullying in adolescents aged 9 to 16 in Chile.
Idioma originalEspañol
EstadoPublicada - 1 oct 2021

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