Mujeres embarazadas con rotura prematura de membranas y edad gestacional entre 34 y 37 semanas: Es la interrupción del embarazo (manejo activo) mejor que el manejo expectante para reducir la sepsis neonatal?

Ya Chuen Chuang, Conny González, Horacio Figueroa, Enrique Oyarzun

Resultado de la investigación: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva

Resumen

Introduction: Premature rupture of membranes (PROM) occur in eight to ten percent of pregnancies, and 20 percent of them occur in preterm pregnancies. Biggest fetal risks after preterm PROM are complications due to prematurity. Before 34 weeks of gestation it is preferred an expectant management, and the use of antibiotics and steroids. Between 34 and 37 weeks, however, practices are variable without a clear consensus about the best management. Objective: The objective of this review is to explore the available evidence about active versus expectant management in pregnancies with PROM between 34 and 37 weeks (36 weeks plus 6 days). Methods: Different databases were searched for medical literature, including 'PubMed' and 'Cochrane', using the following terms: 'Fetal Membranes, Premature Rupture', 'Premature Birth', '34 and 37 weeks' and 'Clinical Trial'. The search was limited to clinical randomized trials. From a total of 31 studies, three were selected, in which critical analysis guidelines for evaluation of therapy studies were applied. Results: Three clinical trials which answered our question were included in this review. The first study concluded that in patients whose pregnancies were interrupted immediately, the incidence of neonatal sepsis was low but is was not able to demonstrate that this action improved outcomes compared to expectant management (2.6% vs 4.1%). Active management in this study was associated to greater incidences of hyperbilirubinemia, hypoglycemia and longer neonatal hospital stay. In the second article the incidence of neonatal sepsis was low and didn't decrease with induction of labor. It also didn't reduce the risk of other maternal nor neonatal outcomes. Finally, the third study concluded that induction of labor increased neonatal complications without reducing neonatal sepsis, but at the expense of increased frequency of intrapartum hemorrhage and maternal fever. Conclusion: After analyzing the selected articles, it is possible to conclude that there is enough evidence to say that expectant management is not inferior to active management in relation to PROM between 34 and 37 weeks of gestational age. Fetal.

Título traducido de la contribuciónPregnant women with premature rupture of membranes and gestational age between 34 and 37 weeks: Is the interruption of pregnancy (active management) better than expectant management to reduce neonatal sepsis?
Idioma originalEspañol
Páginas (desde-hasta)681-691
Número de páginas11
PublicaciónRevista Chilena de Obstetricia y Ginecologia
Volumen82
N.º6
DOI
EstadoPublicada - 2017

Palabras clave

  • 34 and 37 weeks.
  • Membranes
  • Premature Birth
  • Premature Rupture

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