Maternal Supraphysiological Hypercholesterolemia Is Accompanied by Shifts in the Composition and Anti-Atherogenic Functions of Maternal HDL along with Maternal Cardiovascular Risk Markers at Term of Pregnancy

Claudette Cantin, Andrea Morales, Ramón Serra, Sebastián E. Illanes, Andrea Leiva*

*Autor correspondiente de este trabajo

Producción científica: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva

Resumen

Background: Maternal physiological hypercholesterolemia (MPH) occurs in pregnancy for a proper fetal development. When cholesterol increases over the physiological range, maternal supraphysiological hypercholesterolemia (MSPH) is described, a condition underdiagnosed by a lack of evidence showing its biological and clinical relevance. Aim: To determine if MSPH associates with maternal vascular dysfunction, along with changes in the composition and function of maternal HDL leading to increased cardiovascular risk. Methods: This study included 57 women at term of pregnancy in which a lipid profile was determined. Results: Maternal total cholesterol (TC) and LDL but not HDL were increased in MSPH women. The isolated HDL from a subgroup of MSPH women had a lower protein abundance and a reduced activity of the antioxidant enzyme PON1; however, an increased antioxidant capacity compared to MPH was observed, along with higher serum levels of α-tocopherol. Moreover, HDL from a subgroup of MSPH women had a lower capacity to induce NO synthesis in endothelial cells compared to MPH. In the circulation, we observed a reduced total antioxidant capacity and augmented levels of soluble VCAM, ApoB, ApoCII, ApoCIII, IL-10, and IL-12p70, as well as the cardiovascular risk ratio ApoB/ApoAI, compared to MPH women. Conclusion: MSPH women present dysfunctional HDL and increased atherogenic cardiovascular risk factors.

Idioma originalInglés
Número de artículo1804
PublicaciónAntioxidants
Volumen12
N.º10
DOI
EstadoPublicada - oct. 2023

Nota bibliográfica

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 by the authors.

Huella

Profundice en los temas de investigación de 'Maternal Supraphysiological Hypercholesterolemia Is Accompanied by Shifts in the Composition and Anti-Atherogenic Functions of Maternal HDL along with Maternal Cardiovascular Risk Markers at Term of Pregnancy'. En conjunto forman una huella única.

Citar esto