Interim report: Safety and immunogenicity of an inactivated vaccine against SARS-CoV-2 in healthy chilean adults in a phase 3 clinical trial

S. Bueno*, Katia Abarca, Pablo A. González, Nicolás M.S. Gálvez, Jorge A. Soto, Luisa F. Duarte, Bárbara M. Schultz, Gaspar A. Pacheco, Liliana A. González, Yaneisi Vázquez, Mariana Ríos, Felipe Melo-González, Daniela Rivera-Pérez, Carolina Iturriaga, Marcela Urzúa, Angélica Domínguez, Catalina A. Andrade, Roslye V. Berríos-Rojas, Gisela Canedo-Marroquín, Camila CoviánDaniela Moreno-Tapia, Farides Saavedra, Omar P. Vallejos, Paulina Donato, Pilar Espinoza, Daniela Fuentes, Marcela González, Paula Guzmán, Paula Muñoz-Venturelli, Carlos M. Perez, Marcela Potin, Álvaro Rojas, Rodrigo Fasce, Jorge Fernández, Judith Mora, Eugenio Ramírez, Aracelly Gaete-Argel, Aarón Oyarzún-Arrau, Fernando Valiente-Echeverría, Ricardo Soto-Rifo, Daniela Weiskopf, Alessandro Sette, Gang Zeng, Weining Meng, José V. González-Aramundiz, Alexis M. Kalergis*

*Autor correspondiente de este trabajo

Producción científica: Contribución a una revistaArtículo


Background The ongoing COVID-19 pandemic has had a significant impact worldwide, with an incommensurable social and economic burden. The rapid development of safe and protective vaccines against this disease is a global priority. CoronaVac is a vaccine prototype based on inactivated SARS-CoV-2, which has shown promising safety and immunogenicity profiles in pre-clinical studies and phase 1/2 trials in China. To this day, four phase 3 clinical trials are ongoing with CoronaVac in Brazil, Indonesia, Turkey, and Chile. This article reports the safety and immunogenicity results obtained in a subgroup of participants aged 18 years and older enrolled in the phase 3 Clinical Trial held in Chile.

Methods This is a multicenter phase 3 clinical trial. Healthcare workers aged 18 years and older were randomly assigned to receive two doses of CoronaVac or placebo separated by two weeks (0-14). We report preliminary safety results obtained for a subset of 434 participants, and antibody and cell-mediated immunity results obtained in a subset of participants assigned to the immunogenicity arm. The primary and secondary aims of the study include the evaluation of safety parameters and immunogenicity against SARS-CoV-2 after immunization, respectively. This trial is registered at (NCT04651790).

Findings The recruitment of participants occurred between November 27th, 2020, until January 9th, 2021. 434 participants were enrolled, 397 were 18-59 years old, and 37 were ≥60 years old. Of these, 270 were immunized with CoronaVac, and the remaining 164 participants were inoculated with the corresponding placebo. The primary adverse reaction was pain at the injection site, with a higher incidence in the vaccine arm (55.6%) than in the placebo arm (40.0%). Moreover, the incidence of pain at the injection site in the 18-59 years old group was 58.4% as compared to 32.0% in the ≥60 years old group. The seroconversion rate for specific anti-S1-RBD IgG was 47.8% for the 18-59 years old group 14 days post immunization (p.i.) and 95.6% 28 and 42 days p.i. For the ≥60 years old group, the seroconversion rate was 18.1%, 100%, and 87.5% at 14, 28, and 42 days p.i., respectively. Importantly, we observed a 95.7% seroconversion rate in neutralizing antibodies for the 18-59 years old group 28 and 42 days p.i. The ≥60 years old group exhibited seroconversion rates of 90.0% and 100% at 28 and 42 days p.i. Interestingly, we did not observe a significant seroconversion rate of anti-N-SARS-CoV-2 IgG for the 18-59 years old group. For the participants ≥60 years old, a modest rate of seroconversion at 42 days p.i. was observed (37.5%). We observed a significant induction of a T cell response characterized by the secretion of IFN-γ upon stimulation with Mega Pools of peptides derived from SARS-CoV-2 proteins. No significant differences between the two age groups were observed for cell-mediated immunity.

Interpretation Immunization with CoronaVac in a 0-14 schedule in adults of 18 years and older in the Chilean population is safe and induces specific IgG production against the S1-RBD with neutralizing capacity, as well as the activation of T cells secreting IFN-γ, upon recognition of SARS-CoV-2 antigens.
Idioma originalInglés
Páginas (desde-hasta)1-32
Número de páginas32
EstadoPublicada - 1 abr. 2021
Publicado de forma externa


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