Infection and labor. III. Interleukin-1: A signal for the onset of parturition

Roberto Romero*, Dan T. Brody, Enrique Oyarzun, Moshe Mazor, Ying King Wu, John C. Hobbins, Scott K. Durum

*Autor correspondiente de este trabajo

Resultado de la investigación: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva

558 Citas (Scopus)

Resumen

The regulatory signals responsible for the increased biosynthesis of prostaglandins during parturition have not been established. Because interleukin-1 is capable of stimulating prostaglandin production by intrauterine tissues and is an inflammatory mediator, we propose that interleukin-1 may act as a signal for the onset of human labor in the setting of intrauterine infection. The purpose of these studies was to determine interleukin-1 activity in amniotic fluid and to establish its relationship with the onset of term and preterm labor. Amniotic fluid from 182 patients was assayed for interleukin-1 activity. Cell-associated interleukin-1 activity was detected in fluid obtained in the third trimester but not in fluid obtained in the second trimester of pregnancy, suggesting a maturational event in interleukin-1 production. The factor responsible for interleukin-1 activity had biochemical characteristics of interleukin-1α (estimated molecular weight of 14 kilodaltons, isoelectric point = 4.9), and its activity was blocked with an anti-interleukin-1α antisera. Women in spontaneous labor at term were more likely to have fluid phase interleukin-1 activity in amniotic fluid than women who were not in labor at term. Preterm labor in the setting of intraamniotic infection was associated with significant interleukin-1 activity in amniotic fluid. This bioactivity was predominantly attributable to interleukin-1β. A strong correlation between interleukin-1 and amniotic fluid concentrations of prostaglandin E2 and prostaglandin F was found in women in preterm labor. These findings support the hypothesis that interleukin-1 may play a role in the initiation of preterm labor associated with intraamniotic infection.

Idioma originalInglés
Páginas (desde-hasta)1117-1123
Número de páginas7
PublicaciónAmerican Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Volumen160
N.º5 PART 1
DOI
EstadoPublicada - may 1989
Publicado de forma externa

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