Inequities in mental health care after health care system reform in Chile

Ricardo Araya*, Graciela Rojas, Rosemarie Fritsch, Richard Frank, Glyn Lewis

*Autor correspondiente de este trabajo

Producción científica: Contribución a una revistaArtículo de revisiónrevisión exhaustiva

33 Citas (Scopus)


Objectives. We compared differences in mental health needs and provision of
mental health services among residents of Santiago, Chile, with private and public health insurance coverage.
Methods. We conducted a cross-sectional survey of a random sample of adults.
Presence of mental disorders and use of health care services were assessed via
structured interviews. Individuals were classified as having public, private, or no
health insurance coverage.
Results. Among individuals with mental disorders, only 20% (95% confidence
interval [CI]=16%, 24%) had consulted a professional about these problems. A
clear mismatch was found between need and provision of services. Participants
with public insurance coverage exhibited the highest prevalence of mental disorders but the lowest rates of consultation; participants with private coverage
exhibited exactly the opposite pattern. After adjustment for age, income, and
severity of symptoms, private insurance coverage (odds ratio [OR]=2.72; 95%
CI=1.6, 4.6) and higher disability level (OR=1.27, 95% CI=1.1, 1.5) were the only
factors associated with increased frequency of mental health consultation.
Conclusions. The health reforms that have encouraged the growth of the private health sector in Chile also have increased risk segmentation within the health
system, accentuating inequalities in health care provision. (
Idioma originalInglés
Páginas (desde-hasta)109-113
Número de páginas5
PublicaciónAmerican Journal of Public Health
EstadoPublicada - ene. 2006

Palabras clave

  • Mental Health
  • Chile


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