Objective: To determine if maternal plasma ffDNA is increased early in pregnancies which subsequently develop preeclampsia (PE) and intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR). Methods: Blood was obtained at 11-14 weeks and plasma stored. Among those who delivered a male infant and had a birth weight under the tenth centile and/or PE, we divided them into those who delivered before 35 weeks (9) and those who delivered after this gestation (15). A third group with uncomplicated pregnancies was used as controls (24). Real time-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) was carried out to detect the multi-copy Y chromosome associated DSY14 gene. Results: There were no differences between the ffDNA levels in the group delivered after 35 weeks and the control group (2.23ge/mL-1.61ge/mL p = 0.39). However, the levels of ffDNA at 11-14 weeks were statistically, significantly higher in patients that delivered before 35 weeks (4.34ge/mL-1.61ge/mL p = 0.0018). A logistic regression analysis shows that for every unit (1ge/mL) in which ffDNA increases, the likelihood of having PE or a fetus growing under the tenth centile delivered before 35 weeks increases by 1.67 times (CI 1.13-2.47). Conclusion: The concentration of ffDNA is significantly higher even during early pregnancy, in patients who subsequently develop PE and/or IUGR and are delivered before 35 weeks.