Correlación de la necesidad de tratamiento ortodóncico entre la autopercepción de adolescentes chilenos de 14 a 18 años con la observación del odontólogo

C Acevedo-Atala, JM Montiel-Company, Corsini-Muñoz G, V Beltrán-Varas, Alejandra Jans

    Producción científica: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva


    Background: To correlate the need for orthodontic treatment between the self-perception of Chilean adolescents from 14 to 18 years old with the observation of a dentist using the same assessment scale, as well as to determine if covariates such as gender, age and type of school influence the self-perception of the adolescent and the examiner. Material and Methods: Cross-sectional descriptive study of adolescents aged 14 to 18 years from public, subsidized and private schools in Temuco, Chile. The probability sample is stratified by course, from first to fourth year, a total of 414 students participated, according to the eligibility criteria. The photographic score of the aesthetic component (AC) of the Index of Orthodontic Treatment Need (IOTN) was used. The statistical analysis of the data was performed with the SPSS Statistics program v.23. Results: 94.9% of the adolescents perceived themselves as having good aesthetics. The examiner considered that 77% presented this condition, p<0.00. Males perceived themselves better than females. At age 15, 1.7% of students considered themselves to have poor aesthetics, p<0.01. From the examiner's perspective, aesthetics are related to type of school, p<0.00. Conclusion: Adolescents perceive themselves better aesthetically than do the evaluators. The school type factor, according to the IOTN-AC examiner, shows a higher proportion of students with no need for orthodontic treatment in private schools, and a threshold need in municipal and subsidized institutions.
    Título traducido de la contribuciónCorrelation of the need for orthodontic treatment between the self-perception of chilean adolescents aged 14 to 18 years and the dentist’s diagnosis
    Idioma originalEspañol
    Páginas (desde-hasta)1-9
    Número de páginas9
    PublicaciónJournal of Oral Research
    EstadoPublicada - feb. 2021

    Nota bibliográfica

    Funding Information:
    This study was funded by the DIUFRO DFP18-0030 project of the Universidad de la Frontera - Temuco, Chile. The research was also funded by the Faculty of Dentistry of the Universidad de La Frontera. Chile.

    Publisher Copyright:
    © 2021, Universidad de Concepcion. All rights reserved.

    Palabras clave

    • Adolescent
    • Corrective
    • Dental
    • Esthetics
    • Index of orthodontic treatment need
    • Malocclusion
    • Orthodontics
    • Perception
    • Self concept

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