Comparison of Supraglottic Activity and Spectral Slope Between Theater Actors and Vocally Untrained Subjects

Marco Guzman, Andres Ortega, Christian Olavarria, Daniel Muñoz, Pedro Cortés, Maria Josefina Azocar, David Cayuleo, Felipe Quintana, Catalina Silva

Resultado de la investigación: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva

7 Citas (Scopus)

Resumen

Acoustic and perceptual analyses were also performed. Methods A total of 20 participants were divided into two groups: an experimental group of trained theater actors, and a comparative group of subjects with no voice training. Absence of laryngeal pathology was confirmed by rigid videostroboscopy. Flexible laryngoscopy was performed to assess supraglottic activity during speaking phonatory tasks. Voice recording was also carried out. Four blinded judges were asked to assess laryngoscopic and perceptual variables using a visual analog scale. A comparison between groups, phonatory tasks, and loudness levels was performed. Results Multivariate linear regression showed that trained participants had a higher degree of both laryngeal and pharyngeal activities compared with untrained participants. Moreover, phonatory tasks at high intensity showed higher activity than those at medium and low intensities for most phonatory tasks and laryngoscopic parameters. Vocally trained participants evidenced higher values for all spectral variables compared with untrained participants. Conclusion Actors have a greater degree of both laryngeal and pharyngeal activities than vocally untrained subjects. Apparently, this higher activity is associated to speaking voice training and not to a hyperfunctional vocal behavior. Anterior-posterior laryngeal compression is greater than medial compression. Intensity and phonatory tasks have an effect on all laryngoscopic variables. Supraglottic activity during professional speaking voice may be not necessarily a hyperfunctional behavior, but a strategy to avoid vocal fold damage while producing the desired voice quality.
Idioma originalInglés estadounidense
Páginas (desde-hasta)767.e1-767.e8
Número de páginas0
PublicaciónJournal of Voice
Volumen30
N.º6
DOI
EstadoPublicada - 1 nov 2016
Publicado de forma externa

Palabras clave

  • Actors
  • Laryngeal hyperfunction
  • Laryngoscopy
  • Supraglottic activity
  • Voice training

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