Common mental disorders in Santiago, Chile: Prevalence and socio-demographic correlates

R. Araya*, G. Rojas, R. Fritsch, J. Acuña, G. Lewis

*Autor correspondiente de este trabajo

Producción científica: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva

196 Citas (Scopus)


Background: There have been relatively few surveys in Latin America that have attempted to estimate the prevalence of psychiatric morbidity in private households. Aims: To determine the prevalence of common mental disorders and socio-demographic correlates among adults from Santiago, Chile. Method: Cross-sectional survey of private households with a probabilistic sampling design was used. Common mental disorders were measured using the Clinical Interview Schedule - Revised (CIS-R). Results: Three thousand eight hundred and seventy adults were interviewed. Twenty-five per cent were CIS-R cases and 13% met criteria for an ICD-10 diagnosis. Low education, female gender, unemployment, separation, low social status and lone parenthood were associated with a higher prevalence. Conclusions: Prevalence rates were higher than those found in urban areas of Great Britain, both for ICD-10 diagnoses and 'non-specific neurotic disorders'. Similar socio-demographic factors were associated with an increased prevalence of common mental disorders in Chile as in the UK. There is a need to unify methodologies to be able to compare results internationally.
Idioma originalInglés
Páginas (desde-hasta)228-233
Número de páginas6
PublicaciónBritish Journal of Psychiatry
EstadoPublicada - 2001

Palabras clave

  • Academic achievement
  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Anxiety neurosis
  • Article
  • Chile
  • Demography
  • Depression
  • Female
  • Gender
  • Human
  • Major clinical study
  • Male
  • Mental disease
  • Obsession
  • Phobia
  • Prevalence
  • Single parent
  • Social status
  • Stress
  • Unemployment
  • United Kingdom


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