Brief Report: The Association of Adverse Childhood Experiences and Suicide-Related Behaviors Among 10th-Grade Secondary School Students

Daniel Núñez, Jorge Gaete, Viviana Guajardo*, Nicolás Libuy, Ana María Araneda, Lorena Contreras, Paula Donoso, Carlos Ibañez, Adrian P. Mundt

*Autor correspondiente de este trabajo

Resultado de la investigación: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva

Resumen

The association between adverse childhood experiences and suicide-related behaviors (SRB) of adolescents has been widely studied in Western high-income countries, but not yet in Latin America. The aim of this study was to determine this association and to explore a dose-response relationship between adverse childhood experiences and SRB in Chile. We conducted a cross-sectional survey to assess adverse childhood experiences up to 1 year prior to the survey and SRB (suicide ideation and attempts) in a sample of secondary school students. Multilevel and multivariable logistic regressions were run with SRB as dependent and adverse childhood experiences as independent variables, adjusted by self-esteem, general mental health, friend and parental support, and the age at onset of cannabis and alcohol use. We included 7,458 adolescents (48.7% girls), mean age = 16.0 (SD = 0.7), and found a prevalence of 78.1% for at least one adverse childhood experience. The 6-month prevalence of suicidal ideation was 18.1% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 17.2%–19.0%), and the prevalence of suicide attempts was 5.0% (95% CI: 4.6–5.6). Among all adverse childhood experiences, only sexual abuse was a risk factor for both SRB. We also found an independent effect of the total number of adverse childhood experiences on suicidal ideation (p 
Idioma originalInglés
PublicaciónArchives of Suicide Research
DOI
EstadoAceptada/en prensa - 2022

Nota bibliográfica

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 International Academy for Suicide Research.

Palabras clave

  • Adolescents
  • Adverse childhood experiences
  • Suicide attempts
  • Suicide ideation

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