Tendencia de la tasa global de fecundidad y el aumento de la fuerza laboral femenina en Chile. 1960-2011

María De Los Ángeles Stefanelli, María Teresa Valenzuela*, Marcela Cárcamo, Cinthya Urquidi, Gabriel Cavada, Pamela Martín San P.

*Autor correspondiente de este trabajo

Resultado de la investigación: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva

1 Cita (Scopus)

Resumen

Background: The global fertility rate (GFR) is defined as the mean number of children that a woman could have in a hypothetical cohort, not exposed to death during the fertile period. GFR has fallen from 3.4 to 1.9 children per women in the period 1970-2010. Aim: To explore the relationship between the fall in GFR and the incorporation of women to work in the period 1960-2011. Material and Methods: Data from the National Statistics Institute was used. GRF was calculated using specific fertility rates for each year considering women aged 15 to 49 years. Work rates were obtained from yearly vital statistics reports. Results: Between 1960 and 2011, GRF decreased from 5.5 to 1.9 in Chile. The first inflection occurred in 1970. In the same period, female workforce increased from 22.4 to 40.2%. Conclusions: To motivate the participation of female workforce without decrease the GRF allowing population replacement, it is suggested the need to create new public policies with benefits and support from the state. © 2016, Sociedad Medica de Santiago. All Rights Reserved.
Título traducido de la contribuciónAssociation between the decline in global fertility rate and the incorporation of women to the workforce
Idioma originalEspañol
Páginas (desde-hasta)658-663
Número de páginas6
PublicaciónRevista Medica de Chile
Volumen144
N.º5
DOI
EstadoPublicada - may. 2016

Nota bibliográfica

Publisher Copyright:
© 2016, Sociedad Medica de Santiago. All Rights Reserved.

Palabras clave

  • Demography
  • Fertility
  • Manpower
  • Population

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