As far as possible: The relationship between public awareness, social distance, and stigma towards people with intellectual disability

Marcela Tenorio*, Paulina Sofía Arango, Andrés Aparicio, Afia Ali, Angela Hassiotis

*Autor correspondiente de este trabajo

Resultado de la investigación: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva

Resumen

Research shows that people with intellectual disability (ID) face public stigma. However, a recently published narrative review suggests that this phenomenon has not been explored in a Latin American country. This study fills the gap in our understanding of public stigma towards people with intellectual disability in Chile. 395 adults from the general population (18 to 78 years) participated in the survey. Using the Intellectual Disability Literacy Scale, adapted for Chile, we explored the participants' literacy about ID, their causal beliefs, and desire of social distance. Only 1.3% of the sample identified intellectual disability in the instrument's vignette. The most common causal attribution for the condition was environmental, followed by biomedical factors. Participants showed a high desire of social distance, with higher scores associated with more educated participants. Our findings show that low literacy about intellectual disability and a high desire for social distance are significant factors contributing to public stigma in Chile. These are tangible targets for change that can lead to increased social inclusion and participation of people with intellectual disability in Chile. Any such approaches are likely to be transferable to other Latin American countries and could help reduce public stigma for this population.

Idioma originalInglés
Páginas (desde-hasta)1-11
Número de páginas11
PublicaciónJournal of Policy and Practice in Intellectual Disabilities
Fecha en línea anticipada31 mar. 2022
DOI
EstadoPublicación electrónica previa a su impresión - 31 mar. 2022

Nota bibliográfica

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 International Association for the Scientific Study of Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities and Wiley Periodicals LLC.

Palabras clave

  • intellectual disability, disorder
  • public policy
  • disorders of intellectual development
  • stigma
  • Chile
  • intellectual development disorder

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