An Ultrasound Model to Discriminate the Risk of Thyroid Carcinoma

José Miguel Domínguez*, René Baudrand, Jaime Cerda, Claudia Campusano, Carlos Fardella, Eugenio Arteaga, Francisco Cruz, Antonieta Solar, Tatiana Arias, Lorena Mosso

*Autor correspondiente de este trabajo

Resultado de la investigación: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva

9 Citas (Scopus)

Resumen

Rationale and Objectives: Thyroid nodules are common on ultrasonographic examination and are mostly benign. Ultrasound characteristics may help discriminate thyroid carcinoma (TC) from benign nodules. The aims of this study were to identify ultrasonographic characteristics associated with TC and to validate a previously proposed model based on the presence of three ultrasonographic characteristics. Materials and Methods: From a protocolized prospective registry of 1108 fine needle aspiration biopsies performed during a 16-month period at an ambulatory center, the ultrasonographic characteristics of TC and non-TC biopsies were compared. Adjusted odds ratios (ORs) and likelihood ratios for TC were estimated for eight combinations of three previously identified characteristics (microcalcifications, hypoechogenicity, and irregular borders). Results: Microcalcifications (OR, 6.6; 95% confidence interval [CI], 4.4-9.9), hypoechogenicity (OR, 4.7; 95% CI, 2.8-8.0), and irregular borders (OR, 4.3; 95% CI, 2.8-6.5) were independently associated with TC. When added to a logistic regression model, the three ultrasonographic characteristics remained statistically significant. In the absence of these three features, the likelihood ratio for TC was 0.1 (95% CI, 0.0-0.2), while in their simultaneous presence, the likelihood ratio was 11 (95% CI, 6.6-19.0). Conclusions: The absence or simultaneous presence of three simple ultrasonographic characteristics generates a large change of pretest probability of TC and could avoid unnecessary fine needle aspiration biopsy.

Idioma originalInglés
Páginas (desde-hasta)242-245
Número de páginas4
PublicaciónAcademic Radiology
Volumen18
N.º2
DOI
EstadoPublicada - feb. 2011
Publicado de forma externa

Huella

Profundice en los temas de investigación de 'An Ultrasound Model to Discriminate the Risk of Thyroid Carcinoma'. En conjunto forman una huella única.

Citar esto