The Covid-19 pandemic highlighted infection and hygiene as risks in dense public spaces, including public transport vehicles. This study investigated passenger touching behaviour within metro vehicles to understand the fomite exposure of passengers. Using in-vehicle CCTV on three lines of the London Underground, this paper investigated the number of touches on different types of train interiors and investigated their relationship with passenger density and movement. In total, 1,818 station sections and 16,891 passengers were observed cumulatively from May to December 2021. The results showed that on average for each type of interiors on Victoria and Jubilee lines, there were between 0.07 to 0.57 touches per passenger movement (i.e. boarding or alighting) for deep tube lines, whilst District line that uses larger carriages showed a different tendency. The results also suggested that for deep tube lines, the number of touches per person increased beyond a density of around 1.5 standing passengers per square meter possibly because passengers may touch interiors more in order not to bump into other passengers. These findings can be used in infection risk modelling and can inform mitigation of infection risk of future pandemics. Highlights • Investigated passenger touching behaviour on train interiors within metro vehicles. • On average there were between 0.07 to 0.57 touches per passenger movement (i.e. boarding or alighting). • The number of touches per person increased beyond a density of around 1.5 standing passengers per square meter. • These findings can be used in infection risk modelling and inform mitigation of fomite infection risk of future pandemics.
|Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers: Municipal Engineer
|Accepted/In press - 2023
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- UN SDG 11: Sustainable cities and communities
- UN SDG 3: Good health and well-being
- UN SDG 9: Industry innovation and infrastructure
- fomite infection risk
- passenger behaviour
- railway and public transport systems
- surface touches