Metastatic cancers during pregnancy have historically been associated with dismal outcomes, with greater rates of tumor progression in part because of diminished treatment alternatives. Immunotherapy with T-cell checkpoint inhibitors has significantly impacted the survival of several metastatic tumors. However, given their mechanism of action, immune-related adverse events can occur, especially with combined immunotherapy treatments. During pregnancy, checkpoint pathways have a major role, providing immune tolerance to the fetal allograft. Furthermore, evidence suggests that inhibition of this pathway may be associated with an increased risk of miscarriage. We describe, to our knowledge, the first case reported in the literature of a patient 7 weeks pregnant, diagnosed with metastatic melanoma and treated with nivolumab plus ipilimumab. We also present the associated immune-related side effects and their treatment, as well as the oncologic results that lead to favorable pregnancy outcome.
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© 2018 Elsevier Inc.
- brain metastases
- clinical manifestations