Vascular trauma in Latin America: a regional survey.

Ricardo Sonneborn*, Rafael Andrade, Fernando Bello, Carlos H. Morales-Uribe, Alvaro Razuk, Alfredo Soria, Gustavo Jorge Tisminetzky, Ricardo Espinoza, Tobias Monge, Samir Rasslan, Daniel Ruiz, Alvaro E. Sanabria-Quiroga, Roberto Augusto Caffaro, Juan M. Sierra-Jones, Gerardo Hernán Tissera, Jorge E. Foianini, Gonzalo Ostria

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations


As has been demonstrated, significant differences exist in demographics and the likelihood of accidents among Latin American countries; however, when figures were standardized, they showed a clear similarity in all the reviewed features of vascular trauma. A total of 66.4% of cases were managed solely on a clinical basis, with 78.9% of surgical procedures being performed within 6 hours of injury. Vascular repair was attempted in 84% of arterial injuries and 43% of venous injuries. Results are extremely good, with an 89% rate of success, especially considering that 63% of injuries were gunshot wounds and that the largest series, from Brazil, had a 21.3% rate of abdominopelvic injuries. The mortality rate amounted to 12.7%, but associated injuries, and particularly multiple trauma, account for 50.0% of the deaths.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)189-194
Number of pages6
JournalSurgical Clinics of North America
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2002


  • Artery injury
  • Artery ligation
  • Blood vessel injury
  • Central America
  • Human
  • Incidence
  • Limb amputation
  • Mortality
  • Priority journal
  • Review
  • South America
  • Traumatology
  • Vascular surgery
  • Vein injury


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