Unnatural Enhancements

Steven J. Jensen*, José Luis Widow

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


This paper claims that the distinction between therapy and enhancement, which has played a significant role in the discussion of the moral implications of human enhancements, is of only secondary and subordinate importance. Of much greater importance is the distinction between natural and unnatural enhancements, or rather between natural and unnatural means of enhancing. After briefly indicating the moral significance of the distinction between what is natural and unnatural, the paper focuses on the difficult task of discriminating between those means of enhancing that are natural and those that are unnatural.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)347-364
Number of pages18
JournalIrish Theological Quarterly
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1 Nov 2018
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© The Author(s) 2018.


  • enhancements
  • ethics
  • natural
  • therapy
  • transhumanism
  • unnatural


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