Transformations of the rememberer: Development trajectories and the recall of historical events

Marcela Tenorio*, Andrés David Aparicio

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

The goal of this paper is to present empirical evidence supporting the transformation of recall abilities along the life cycle, specifically those tied to socio-culturally relevant historical events. Two groups, 42 old adults and 22 young adults, participated in two studies designed to analyse fluidity and accuracy in experimental tasks. The results consistently show that old adults outperform young adults: they achieve better rates of fluidity recalling historical events and better rates of accuracy both in recognising and dating them. We theorise that the autobiographical memory system acts as an implicit scaffold that facilitates the task for old adults, thus explaining the transformation. As we advance along the development trajectory, we become "native rememberers" and, as such, recalling historical events becomes a natural and expert task.

Translated title of the contributionTransformations of the rememberer: Development trajectories and the recall of historical events
Original languageSpanish
Pages (from-to)113-120
Number of pages8
JournalEstudios de Psicologia
Volume33
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2012
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Agradecimientos: Esta investigación se financió gracias al aporte de la Comisión Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnología (CONICYT) del Gobierno de Chile. Los autores agradecen a Jorge Armony, Francisco Ceric, Vladimir López y Yaakov Stern por su sus contribuciones en análisis de datos e interpretación. Correspondencia con los autores: Marcela Tenorio, CEDETi UC, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile. Avenida Vicuña Mackena 4860. Edificio MIDE UC. Campus San Joaquín. Santiago, RM (Chile). Dirección electrónica: mtenori1@uc.cl Original recibido: 9 de noviembre de 2011. Aceptado: 3 de diciembre de 2011.

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