Towards Cybersecure Maritime Supply Chains in Latin America and the Caribbean

Claudio Alvarez*, Camila Hinojosa, Sebastián Gonzalez, Luis Rojas

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Maritime supply chains are a highly dynamic environment in which multiple public and private stakeholders interact by exchanging digital data through various systems and technologies in cyberspace. The maritime industry is immersed in a digital transformation process that is evolving to be highly dependent on cyber-physical systems composed of information and operational technologies. In the Latin American and Caribbean region, there are multiple challenges in cybersecurity of the maritime industry in general, as countries present different maturity levels in their cybersecurity capabilities, particularly in protecting critical infrastructures, including ports, terminals and intermodal connections. This chapter describes cyberthreats, vulnerabilities, risks and recent cyberattacks in maritime supply chain operations in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC), discusses ongoing supranational initiatives towards the development of cybersecurity capabilities for maritime supply chains in the region, analyzes advances of LAC countries in developing cybersecurity capabilities and adopting best practices for maritime supply chain operations, discusses the region's prospects for development of cybersecurity policy and strategy, and provides recommendations for decision-makers and technical staff in charge of maritime supply chain operations.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationLecture Notes in Logistics
PublisherSpringer Science and Business Media B.V.
Number of pages26
StatePublished - 2023

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Logistics
VolumePart F268
ISSN (Print)2194-8917
ISSN (Electronic)2194-8925

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023, The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG.


  • Best practices
  • Capabilities
  • Cybersecurity
  • LAC region
  • Maritime supply chains


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