The division of Europe along confessional lines plays an important part in the history of toleration, shaping both standard narratives about the past and the apparent tension between strong confessional commitments and the possibility of toleration today. The present chapter offers a survey of this debate in the post- Reformation period, including the tradition running from Castellio to Locke. After considering the problems that can be found both in confessional Protestantism and in this parallel humanist tradition, the chapter turns to several nineteenth-century thinkers (Vinet, Kierkegaard, and Kuyper), who reflect reception of and resistance to certain modern transformations of the concept. While nothing like a uniquely Protestant framework for toleration emerges from this survey, the chapter points to sources that are significant both for understanding this ambivalent historical trajectory and for furthering contemporary reflection.
Bibliographical notePublisher Copyright:
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- Abraham Kuyper
- Alexandre Vinet
- John Calvin
- John Locke
- Sebastian Castellio
- Søren Kierkegaard