We build a dataset of the industrial composition of the stock market and the economy for 26 countries. This composition is far from representative of that of the economy, particularly in less-developed markets. Based on this, we build a measure of scarcity of investable securities and show that industries that are underrepresented relative to the economy exhibit higher valuations. Moreover, valuation differences are shown to be more important when informational issues make it more difficult for firms to get listed.
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© 2014 Elsevier Inc.
- Financial development