The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the health, wellbeing, and access to services of people with intellectual and developmental disabilities

Margaret Rosencrans, Paulina Sofía Arango Uribe, Camila Sabat, Andrew Buck, Christine Brown, Marcela Tenorio, Andrea Witwer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Individuals with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) may be especially vulnerable to changes associated with the COVID-19 pandemic given an increased likelihood of health concerns, low socioeconomic status, and difficulty accessing services. Aims: The purpose of this study was to explore mental health problems and services in individuals with IDD during the pandemic. We explored whether number of mental health problems differed by disability, age, gender, living situation, physical health, and access to services. Methods and procedures: An online survey about experiences during the pandemic was administered to adults with IDD and their caregivers in the United States and in Chile. Outcomes and results: In both Chile and the United States, few people endorsed increased health problems. Half of the sample in Chile and 41 % of the sample in the United States endorsed increased mental health problems. Approximately 15 % of the sample in the US reported no longer receiving state developmental disability services. Conclusions and implications: Healthcare and disability-specific agencies should consider strategies to tailor supports to improve mental health functioning and access to community.

Original languageEnglish
Article number103985
JournalResearch in Developmental Disabilities
Volume114
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2021

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Marcela Tenorio, Paulina Arango, and Camila Sabat were supported by the ANID Millennium Science Initiative (Program Code ICS2019_024).

Funding Information:
This article is based on original research. Drs. Arango and Tenorio and Ms. Sabat were supported by the ANID Millennium Science Initiative Program Code ICS2019_024. None of the authors holds financial or personal relationships that may bias this work. The opinions expressed are those of the authors and do not present views of the Ohio State University.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 Elsevier Ltd

Keywords

  • COVID-19
  • Healthcare
  • Intellectual and developmental disabilities
  • Mental health
  • Physical health

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