The ankle represents the most commonly injured weightbearing joint in the human body. They are typically the result of low-energy, rotational injury mechanisms. However, ankle fractures represent a spectrum of injury patterns from simple to very complex, with varying incidence of posttraumatic arthritis. Stable injury patterns can be treated nonoperatively; unstable injury patterns are typically treated operatively given that they could lead to severe arthritis if not properly addressed.
Bibliographical noteCopyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc.
- Ankle fracture
- Ankle fracture rehabilitation
- Deltoid ligament rupture
- Lateral malleolar fracture
- Syndesmotic instability