Space Analysis of School Violence in the Educational Setting of Peru, 2019

Wendy Arhuis-Inca*, Miguel Ipanaqué-Zapata, Janina Bazalar-Palacios, Jorge Gaete

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Schools are increasingly experiencing physical, psychological, and sexual violence, which impacts students’ academic achievement and physical and emotional health. Our objective was to identify regional prevalence rates, average prevalence by aggressor type, and provincial spatial conglomerates with higher rates for each type of school violence reported in educational settings in Peru during 2019. Methods: An analysis was made of 12,132 cases reported through Peru’s Specialized School Violence System (SíseVe). The Moran indices were calculated using provincial prevalence rates to identify conglomerates with high prevalence. Results: In the coast region, the Department of Tacna reported the highest prevalence rates for physical (99.7) and psychological (107); the Department of Amazonas, which is in the jungle, reported the highest prevalence rate for sexual violence (74.6), with teachers in public schools accounting for the majority of sexual assaults against students (56%). Conclusions: Sexual violence predominated in the jungle zone, with a significant percentage of teachers participating in violence with sexual connotations. Physical and psychological violence prevailed in the coastal region.

Original languageEnglish
Article number16044
JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Volume19
Issue number23
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2022

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
JG was funded by ANID – Millennium Science Initiative Program – NCS2021_081.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 by the authors.

Keywords

  • administrative staff
  • school violence
  • spatial analysis
  • students

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