Sorption Behavior of Extruded Rice Starch in the Presence of Glycerol

Javier Enrione, Sandra Hill, John R. Mitchell, Franco Pedreschi

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

The modeling approach to predict the sorption behavior of nonelectrolytic mixtures has been related to moisture content at a specifi c equilibrium relative humidity (ERH) and to the component weight fraction in the system. The work presented here attempts to identify deviations of the predicted sorption profi le of a model system based on rice starch and glycerol. Accurate sorption isotherms (25 ° C) were obtained by using dynamic vapor sorption (DVS) for the ERH range of 0% - 90%. The glass transition temperature ( T g ) of the samples was obtained by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). Sorption studies show a reduction in moisture content for an ERH of 60% in the presence of glycerol. This behavior was represented by a reduction in Guggenheim - Anderson - de Boer (GAB) modeling parameters, the monolayer value (from 8.9% to 6.6%); a reduction in the constant related to the net heat of sorption (from 6.4 to 3.5); and an increase in the constant related to the heat of sorption at the multilayer (from 0.72 to 0.94). The sorption profi les of the starch - glycerol mixtures were also modeled using sorption isotherms and moisture contents from each component. The estimated interaction factor of 1 indicated a reduction in water uptake specifi cally for an ERH of 60%. The 10% and 20% glycerol systems showed a signifi cant increase in independent interaction factors (IIFs) from 0.6 to 0.9, suggesting a relationship between water uptake and the matrix - polyol interaction. This behavior was related to the molecular mobility of the system, as indicated by plotting IIF versus T T g ( T = 25 ° C).

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationWater Properties in Food, Health, Pharmaceutical and Biological Systems
Subtitle of host publicationISOPOW 10
PublisherWiley-Blackwell
Pages483-489
Number of pages7
ISBN (Print)9780813812731
DOIs
StatePublished - 14 May 2010
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Equilibrium relative humidity (ERH)
  • Extruded rice starch sorption behavior in presence of Glycerol
  • Food material texture change, causes - moisture
  • GAB model - distinguishing bulk water and multilayer water physical chemistry
  • Guggenheim - Anderson - de Boer (GAB) parameters
  • Plasticizers - glycerol and glycol - polymer free volume increase and food matrix formation
  • Polyols - controlling microbial growth and retaining food products' desirable texture attributes
  • Sorption behavior of nonelectrolytic mixtures sorption behavior and ERH - relation

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