Simultaneous kidney and pancreas transplantation (SKPT) in patients with type 1 diabetes and chronic renal failure. Experience in 12 patients in Chile: Experiencia de un centro en Chile

Andrea Alba, Jorge Morales, Mario Ferrario, Carlos Zehnder, Jorge Aguiló, Carlos Zavala, Cristina Herzog, Lorena Calabran, Luis Contreras, Ricardo Espinoza, Erwin Buckel, Juan Alberto Fierro

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Abstract

Background: Simultaneous kidney and pancreas transplantation (SKPT) is the best alternative for end stage renal disease among patients with insulin dependent diabetes mellitus. Aim: To report our experience with SKPT. Material and Methods: Retrospective analysis of 12 recipients of SKPT transplanted in one center starting in 1994, with a mean follow-up period of 6.8 years (2-15). Results: Eleven of 12 recipients were in chronic hemodialysis before SKPT. Mean A, B, DR and HLA mismatch was 4.3. Mean preformed anti HLA antibodies was 3.3 %. Mean cold ischemia times for pancreas and kidney were 6 and 10 hours, respectively. In the fi rst eight cases, the pancreas was drained to the bladder, and in the last four, an enteric drainage was performed. Eleven recipients were induced with antibodies, and maintenance immunosuppression consisted of Cyclosporine or Tacrolimus plus an antiproliferative agent. Ten year patient survival was 70 %. Pancreas and kidney survival, defi ned by insulin and dialysis independence, were 72 and 73% respectively. Fifty percent of recipients experienced acute graft rejection (cellular or humoral), with good response to treatment except in one case. Conclusions: This experience shows that SKPT is associated with an excellent patient survival associated to insulin and dialysis independence in 70% of patients at 10 years.

Translated title of the contributionSimultaneous kidney and pancreas transplantation (SKPT) in patients with type 1 diabetes and chronic renal failure. Experience in 12 patients in Chile
Original languageSpanish
Pages (from-to)11-18
Number of pages8
JournalRevista Medica de Chile
Volume139
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2011
Externally publishedYes

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