Shear bond strength evaluation of metallic brackets bonded to a cad/cam pmma material compared to traditional prosthetic temporary materials: An in vitro study

Gonzalo Andrés Garcés, Victor Hugo Rojas, Cristian Bravo, Camila S. Sampaio

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Introduction: Orthodontic treatment for adults is currently increasing, and therefore the need to bond brackets to restorations and temporary crowns. The use of CAD/CAM PMMA provisional restorations for orthodontic purposes have not yet been described, and there is currently insufficient information regarding the strength of bracket adhesion. Objective: This study aimed at evaluating the effects of thermocycling (TC) and surface treatment on shear bond strength (SBS) of brackets to different provisional materials. Methods: Forty specimens were made from each material [PMMA (Telio Lab), bis-acryl (Telio CS C&B), and PMMA CAD/CAM (Te-lio CAD)], sandpapered, and divided according to surface treatment (pumiced or sandblasted) and TC (half of the samples = 1,000 cycles, 5°C/55°C water baths) (n = 10/group). Stainless-steel brackets were bonded to the specimens (using Transbond XT), and SBS testing was performed. Data were analyzed by three-way ANOVA and LSD post-hoc tests (α= 0.05). Failure types were classified with adhesive remnant index (ARI) scores. Results: SBS values ranged from 1.5 to 14.9 MPa. Sandblasted bis-acryl and sandblasted auto-curing PMMA groups presented similar values (p > 0.05), higher than the CAD/CAM material (p < 0.05), with or without TC. When thermocycled, pumiced bis-acryl showed higher SBS than pumiced acrylic (p = 0.005) and CAD/CAM materials (p = 0.000), with statistical difference (p = 0.009). TC showed negative effect (p < 0.05) for sandblasted bis-acryl and pumiced acrylic groups. ARI predominant score was mostly zero (0) for CAD/CAM, 1 and 2 for bis-acryl, and 1 for acrylic groups. Conclusion: In general, bis-acryl material showed the highest SBS values, followed by acrylic and CAD/CAM materials, which showed SBS values lower than an optimum strength for bonding brackets.
Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)31-38
Number of pages8
JournalDental Press Journal of Orthodontics
Volume25
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 May 2020

Keywords

  • Acrylic resins
  • Air abrasion
  • Bonding agents
  • CAD/CAM
  • Orthodontics

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