Shake table testing of an elevator system in a full-scale five-story building

Xiang Wang, Tara C. Hutchinson, Rodrigo Astroza, Joel P. Conte, José I. Restrepo, Matthew S. Hoehler, Waldir Ribeiro

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

This paper investigates the seismic performance of a functional traction elevator as part of a full-scale five-story building shake table test program. The test building was subjected to a suite of earthquake input motions of increasing intensity, first while the building was isolated at its base and subsequently while it was fixed to the shake table platen. In addition, low-amplitude white noise base excitation tests were conducted while the elevator system was placed in three different configurations, namely, by varying the vertical location of its cabin and counterweight, to study the acceleration amplifications of the elevator components due to dynamic excitations. During the earthquake tests, detailed observation of the physical damage and operability of the elevator as well as its measured response are reported. Although the cabin and counterweight sustained large accelerations because of impact during these tests, the use of well-restrained guide shoes demonstrated its effectiveness in preventing the cabin and counterweight from derailment during high-intensity earthquake shaking. However, differential displacements induced by the building imposed undesirable distortion of the elevator components and their surrounding support structure, which caused damage and inoperability of the elevator doors. It is recommended that these aspects be explicitly considered in elevator seismic design.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)391-407
Number of pages17
JournalEarthquake Engineering and Structural Dynamics
Volume46
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Mar 2017

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
Copyright © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Keywords

  • elevators
  • nonstructural systems
  • shake table tests

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Shake table testing of an elevator system in a full-scale five-story building'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this