Self-perceived knowledge and skills of teachers for prevention of suicidal behavior in adolescents pre and post-intervention

Carolina Barrueto O., Jorge Gaete O., Francisco Bustamante V., Marina Pizarro M.

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Abstract

Introduction: Suicide is the second leading cause of death among people aged 15-29 years, therefore, prevention is essential. There are no programs implemented in chilean's schools to train teachers in the prevention of these behaviors. A training was designed to teachers to know if this strategy is effective in the improvement of the self-perception of competencies when facing these situations. Method: Quantitative quasi-experimental, interrupted time-series design. A questionnaire was carried out on 27 teachers from a school in San Felipe, Chile, before and after 3 months of the intervention. Their experiences, knowledge and competences on prevention of suicidal behavior were evaluated. Results: There were no significant differences in the assessment of knowledge. However, there was a significant (p <0.05) change in self-perception of competencies in 6 items. Increased confidence and comfort in responding to these young people, the perception that juvenile suicide is a priority and requires specialized help, the feeling of having more tools and knowledge of the resources of their community. However, the sense of responsibility in the management of these adolescents had a negative change. Conclusions: The training studied that provides knowledge and strategies on adolescents’ suicidal behaviors to teachers produces significant changes in self-perception of competencies, but it does not allow to establish a tendency to change. It is necessary to have other studies.
Translated title of the contributionSelf-perceived knowledge and skills of teachers for prevention of suicidal behavior in adolescents pre and post-intervention
Original languageSpanish
Pages (from-to)170-178
Number of pages9
JournalRevista Chilena de Neuro-Psiquiatria
Volume55
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 9 Nov 2017

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
En Chile existen dos grandes políticas públicas de salud mental dirigidas a la prevención del sui-cidio, uno es el programa nacional de prevención de suicidio6, el cual tiene el propósito de reducir las tasas de mortalidad por esta causa, y el programa GES para diagnóstico y tratamiento de la depre-sión7, que incluye atención especializada a personas con depresión severa y riesgo de suicidio. Cabe destacar que estos incluyen a personas de todas las edades, y no específicamente a adolescentes, quienes presentan las mayores tasas de suicidio8.

Keywords

  • NEUROSCIENCES
  • PSYCHIATRY
  • Prevention
  • suicide
  • adolescent
  • self-perception
  • school teachers

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