Scaffolding of Intuitionist Ethical Reasoning with Groupware: do Students’ Stances Change in Different Countries?

Claudio Álvarez*, Gustavo Zurita, Antonio Farías, César Collazos, Juan Manuel González-Calleros, Manuel Yunga, Álvaro Pezoa

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

Abstract

Ethics education is essential in business and STEM curricula. For decades up to the present day, a rationalist conception of ethics has been highly influential in its pedagogy. However, in the past twenty years, developments in moral psychology and neuroscience support that moral thought and deliberation are guided by a dual process initiated by intuition. In this research, we present the design of a scaffolding for ethics teaching based on groupware with individual and collaborative activities, informed by the Social Intuitionist Model (SIM) and Moral Foundations Theory (MFT). We conducted an exploratory study based on an original case about academic ethics, involving student samples in five higher education institutions in four countries (N = 249). Results indicate that ethical reasoning, initially guided by intuition, can be influenced by facts, reflective questions, and social interaction. Students regardless of their initial intuitive stance about an eliciting situation, and their moral sensitivity according to MFT, changed their final decision on the situation significantly by the end of the intervention according to a Wilcoxon signed rank test (p < 0.001). About 30% of the sample swung to a stance opposite to what they decided at the outset of the intervention. A question that stems from this research is how students’ ethical thinking could be scaffolded and oriented, both pedagogically and technology-wise, towards identifying and standing for solutions to ethical dilemmas that are based on virtue and bring greater good.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationCollaboration Technologies and Social Computing - 28th International Conference, CollabTech 2022, Proceedings
EditorsLung-Hsiang Wong, Yugo Hayashi, Cesar A. Collazos, Claudio Alvarez, Gustavo Zurita, Nelson Baloian
Place of PublicationSantiago
PublisherSpringer Science and Business Media Deutschland GmbH
Pages261-278
Number of pages18
Volume13632
ISBN (Print)9783031202179
DOIs
StatePublished - 2022
Event28th International Conference on Collaboration Technologies and Social Computing, CollabTech 2022 - Santiago, Chile
Duration: 8 Nov 202211 Nov 2022

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)
Volume13632 LNCS
ISSN (Print)0302-9743
ISSN (Electronic)1611-3349

Conference

Conference28th International Conference on Collaboration Technologies and Social Computing, CollabTech 2022
Country/TerritoryChile
CitySantiago
Period8/11/2211/11/22

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022, The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG.

Keywords

  • Ethics teaching
  • Groupware
  • Social intuitionist model

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