This work analyzes the criteria used by the moralists and jurists of Spanish scholasticism (16th and 17th centuries) to carry out proportionality judgments. The author tries to show that the scholastics made important contributions to the development of a theory that, recognizing the incommensurability of fundamental human goods and evils, accepts that it is possible to make comparisons that allow us to speak of greater good (or evil) or lesser good (or evil).
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