Pretest Nonlinear Finite-Element Modeling and Response Simulation of a Full-Scale 5-Story Reinforced Concrete Building Tested on the NEES-UCSD Shake Table

Hamed Ebrahimian, Rodrigo Astroza, Joel P. Conte, Tara C. Hutchinson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

A full-scale five-story reinforced concrete building specimen, outfitted with a variety of nonstructural components and systems (NCSs), was built and tested on the Network for Earthquake Engineering Simulation at the University of California, San Diego (NEES-UCSD) large outdoor shake table in the period March 2011-June 2012. The building specimen was subjected to a sequence of dynamic tests including scaled and unscaled earthquake motions. A detailed three-dimensional nonlinear finite-element (FE) model of the structure was developed and used for pretest response simulations to predict the seismic response of the test specimen and for decision support in defining the seismic test protocol and selecting the instrumentation layout for both the structure and NCSs. This paper introduces the building specimen and the shake table test protocol and describes the techniques used for the nonlinear FE modeling and response simulation. Utilized as blind prediction, the pretest simulation results at different scales (global structural level and local member/section/fiber levels) are compared with their experimental counterparts for seismic input (base excitation) of increasing intensity from serviceability to design levels. The predictive capabilities of the used FE modeling techniques are evaluated and possible sources of discrepancies between the FE predictions and experimental measurements are investigated and discussed.
Original languageAmerican English
JournalJournal of Structural Engineering (United States)
Volume144
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Mar 2018

Keywords

  • Analysis and computation
  • Blind prediction
  • Building structure
  • Finite element method
  • Full-scale specimen
  • Nonlinear response simulation
  • Nonlinear time history analysis
  • Reinforced concrete
  • Shake table test

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