Perspectives on battling COVID-19 in countries of Latin America and the Caribbean

Jon Kim Andrus*, Tracy Evans-Gilbert, Jose Ignacio Santos, Maria G. Guzman, Philip J. Rosenthal, Cristiana Toscano, Maria Teresa Valenzuela, Marilda Siqueira, Carissa Etienne, Joel G. Breman

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

35 Scopus citations


The first case of COVID-19 reported in Latin America occurred in São Paolo, Brazil, on February 25, 2020, in a 61-year-old man who had recently returned from the Lombardy region in Italy. The first cases in the Caribbean region were reported on March 1 in St Martin in a couple who returned from France and in the Dominican Republic in a 61-year-old man visiting from Italy.1,2 By mid-March, there was a substantial surge in cases, resulting in nearly every country in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) reporting COVID-19 (Table 1). These data are reported to the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) regional office from national ministries of health and as such may have inherent weaknesses of timing, completeness, and accuracy. However, they do provide insight on trends and hotspots in the region.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)593-596
Number of pages4
JournalAmerican Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
Issue number2
StatePublished - Aug 2020

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Publication charges for this article were waived due to the ongoing pandemic of COVID-19.

Publisher Copyright:
Copyright © 2020 by The American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene


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