On the influence of additive and multiplicative noise on holes in dissipative systems

Orazio Descalzi, Carlos Cartes, Helmut R. Brand

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Abstract

We investigate the influence of noise on deterministically stable holes in the cubic-quintic complex Ginzburg-Landau equation. Inspired by experimental possibilities, we specifically study two types of noise: additive noise delta-correlated in space and spatially homogeneous multiplicative noise on the formation of π-holes and 2π-holes. Our results include the following main features. For large enough additive noise, we always find a transition to the noisy version of the spatially homogeneous finite amplitude solution, while for sufficiently large multiplicative noise, a collapse occurs to the zero amplitude solution. The latter type of behavior, while unexpected deterministically, can be traced back to a characteristic feature of multiplicative noise; the zero solution acts as the analogue of an absorbing boundary: once trapped at zero, the system cannot escape. For 2π-holes, which exist deterministically over a fairly small range of values of subcriticality, one can induce a transition to a π-hole (for additive noise) or to a noise-sustained pulse (for multiplicative noise). This observation opens the possibility of noise-induced switching back and forth from and to 2π-holes.

Translated title of the contributionSobre la influencia del ruido aditivo y multiplicativo en los huecos de los sistemas disipativos
Original languageEnglish
Article number053101
JournalChaos
Volume27
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 May 2017

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
O.D. and C.C. wish to acknowledge the support from FONDECYT (Project No. 1170728) and Universidad de los Andes through FAI initiatives. H.R.B. thanks the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft for the partial support of this work.

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