Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD), most frequent phenotypes Crohn's disease and Ulcerative colitis, have a multifactorial etiology, resulting from genetics, environmental triggers and microbiome alterations. Its incidence has been increasing as well as the western diet, high in fat, refined carbohydrates, sugar, red meat and processed foods. A western diet is considered a risk factor for the development of IBD, since it is associated with dysbiosis, alteration of the intestinal barrier and host immunity. There are several elimination diets that could play a role in induction/maintenance of remission. However, most of them require better quality scientific studies. Also, there are nutritional supplements associated with the incidence and evolution of the disease. The aim of this review is to show the possible role of the diet in the incidence, and diet-therapeutic strategies, including specific supplements and enteral nutrition, considering periods of active disease and remission.
|Translated title of the contribution||Nutrition and inflammatory bowel disease: possible mechanisms of diet on the incidence and management|
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||Revista Medica Clinica Las Condes|
|State||Published - 1 Jul 2021|
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