Moving, teaching, commanding: The analogy between education and government in the works of Thomas Aquinas and its foundation in friendship

Research output: Contribution to journalScientific reviewpeer-review

Abstract

It is possible to identify in the works of Thomas Aquinas an analogy between teaching and commanding, as these are two ways of moving someone to do something. Teaching is moving someone in the order of intellect as commanding is moving him in the order of will. This motion does not deny, but implies the natural capacity of a free and rational agent to move himself, because both teaching and commanding consist in a communication of a rational form to an intellect. Although this motion is a form of causality, in both cases the principal agent is the one that is moved by other. Since metaphysically speaking, teaching and commanding are forms of putting order into rational agents which do not affect their freedom, this analogy allows us to explain the possibility of a government over free people and the pedagogical function of law. Finally, primacy of intellect over will implies that every action of one man over another is founded on a certain type of teaching.
Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)355-380
Number of pages26
JournalActa Philosophica
Volume24
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2015

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