MicroRNAs: The Missing Link between Hypertension and Periodontitis?

Nelia M. Rodriguez, Pía Loren, Isis Paez, Constanza Martínez, Alejandra Chaparro, Luis A. Salazar*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Cardiovascular diseases are the leading cause of death worldwide, and arterial hypertension is a recognized cardiovascular risk factor that is responsible for high morbidity and mortality. Arterial hypertension is the result of an inflammatory process that results in the remodeling and thickening of the vascular walls, which is associated with an immunological response. Previous studies have attempted to demonstrate the relationship between oral disease, inflammation, and the development of systemic diseases. Currently, the existence of an association between periodontitis and hypertension is a controversial issue because the underlying pathophysiological processes and inflammatory mechanisms common to both diseases are unknown. This is due to the fact that periodontitis is a chronic inflammatory disease that affects the interface of teeth and surrounding tissues. However, the most likely explanation for understanding this association is related to low-grade chronic inflammation. An initial path in the study of the relationship between the mentioned pathologies is the possibility of an epigenetic influence, mediated by noncoding RNAs as microRNAs. Thus, in the present review we describe the role of microRNAs related to arterial hypertension and/or periodontitis. In addition, we identified 13 common microRNAs between periodontitis and hypertension. According to the predictions of the DIANA-mirPath program, they can regulate genes involved in 52 signaling pathways.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1992
JournalInternational Journal of Molecular Sciences
Volume25
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2024

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2024 by the authors.

Keywords

  • arterial hypertension
  • inflammation
  • miRNAs
  • periodontitis

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