Layperson's preference of the transverse occlusal plane in asymmetric facial model

Bruno P. Silva, Sofia C. Tortora, Kyle Stanley, Gustavo Mahn, Christian Coachman, Eduardo Mahn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


Objective: Facial asymmetries are common, especially deviated nose and chin. The clinician must consider these variables when establishing the smile, placement and angulation of the occlusal plane. The purpose of this article is to determine if nose and chin deviations affect the perception of laypeople towards different angulations of the occlusal plane cant. Materials and Method: An asymmetric facial model was created from a symmetric facial model used in a previous study. Nose and chin were deviated 3 mm to the left and eight different pictures were created, each with different degrees of occlusal plane cant in both direction. Using a visual Likert scale delivered via Websurvey within the private practice setting, 120 randomly selected laypersons evaluated each image according to their own beauty preferences. Results: In an asymmetric face, nose and chin deviated 3 mm to the left, a minor occlusal plane angulation of 2° can be perceptible regardless of the direction of the cant. Conclusions: The occlusal plane should be as parallel to the interpupillary line as possible. If occlusal cant is present, less than 2° of angulation it is preferable, regardless of the direction of the nose and chin. Clinical Significance: In the presence of an asymmetric face, the occlusal plane should be as parallel as possible to the interpupillary line. The direction of the deviation of the nose and the chin are irrelevant factors to determine the occlusal plane. An inclination of the occlusal plane can cause vertical discrepancy, which could subsequently create malocclusion. A complete dentofacial analysis can aim at assessing the angulation of the occlusal plane not only for esthetic outcomes, but for also allowing correct occlusal function.
Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)620-626
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Esthetic and Restorative Dentistry
Issue number6
StatePublished - 1 Nov 2019


  • asymmetric face
  • occlusal angulation
  • occlusal plane cant


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