Is abortion a serious public health problem in Chile in the field of maternal-perinatal health?

María Teresa Valenzuela, San Martín P. Pamela, Gabriel Cavada

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: The World Health Organization, by 2014, estimates that approximately 22 million unsafe abortions take place every year in the world, almost all of them in developing countries. The Millennium Goals, as part of the fifth compendium, focused on maternal health by proposing that member states should reduce maternal mortality to 75% by 2015. Aim: To determine, using maternal health indicators, if abortion in Chile is a priority health problem. Material and Methods: Data about maternal mortality and its causes between 1982 and 2014, was obtained from the databases available at the Chilean Ministry of Health. Trend analyzes were carried out using linear autoregressive models. Results: Between 1982 and 2012, maternal mortality rates decreased from 51.8 to 18.3 per 100,000 live births. Complications of pregnancy, childbirth and puerperium were the first three causes and the last one is abortion. The proportion of abortions due to unspecified causes, including induced abortion, decreased from 36.6% to 26.1% between 2001 and 2012. Conclusions: Abortion is not a public health problem in Chile. To continue reducing maternal mortality, programs for the early detection of risks such as diabetes, obesity and hypertension should be implemented.

Translated title of the contributionIs abortion a serious public health problem in Chile in the field of maternal-perinatal health?
Original languageSpanish
Pages (from-to)1013-1020
Number of pages8
JournalRevista Medica de Chile
Volume145
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - 2017

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
La promoción del cuidado materno ha sido inseguros en todo el mundo, casi todos ellos en un pilar fundamental en la elaboración de países en desarrollo. Las defunciones debidas a políticas públicas alrededor del mundo, “abortos peligrosos” representan 13% de todas particularmente interpuestas por los “Objetivos las defunciones maternas2. del Milenio” como parte del quinto compendio Cada año, unos 5 millones de mujeres ingre-que se enfocó en la salud materna. Las Naciones san a hospitales como consecuencia de un aborto Unidas plantearon como meta que todos los es-peligroso y más de tres millones de mujeres que tados deben disminuir la mortalidad materna en han sufrido complicaciones no reciben atención 75% para 2015, en cambio, esta ha disminuido en médica2. 50% globalmente1. Sesenta y un países (39,5% de la población Según cifras de la Organización Mundial de la mundial) permiten el aborto sin restricción en Salud (OMS), actualizadas al 2014, calculan que cuanto a razón, 66 países (25,5%) lo permiten cada año se realizan unos 22 millones de abortos para salvar la vida de la mujer o está prohibido totalmente, 59 países (13,8%) lo permiten para preservar la salud de la mujer, 13 países (21,3%) lo permiten por razones socioeconómicas, y sólo cinco estados de los 193 que integran la Organi-zación de las Naciones Unidas (ONU) prohíben totalmente el aborto: Malta, Ciudad del Vaticano, El Salvador, Nicaragua y Chile3.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2017, Sociedad Medica de Santiago. All rights reserved.

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