Initial validation of the Multidimensional Adolescent Functioning Scale (MAFS) in Spanish-speaking students from Chilean secondary schools

Daniel Núñez*, César Villacura-Herrera, Jorge Gaete, Daniela Meza, Javiera Andaur, Johanna T.W. Wigman, Jo Robinson

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Introduction: Psychosocial functioning is closely associated with psychopathology and wellbeing in different populations, particularly adolescents. Despite its relevance, measures assessing psychosocial functioning in healthy adolescents are scant as most focus on adults or clinical populations. We evaluated the psychometric properties of the Multidimensional Adolescent Functioning Scale (MAFS), a self-report questionnaire created to assess three dimensions of psychosocial functioning (‘general functioning’, ‘family-related functioning’, and ‘peer-related functioning’) in adolescents from the general population. Methods: After translation and cultural adaptation, we administered the Spanish MAFS to 619 adolescents aged 14 to 19. We assessed the factor structure, internal consistency, and associations with depressive symptoms, suicidal ideation, cognitive-behavioral skills, cognitive reappraisal (CR), and expressive suppression (ES). We additionally tested for measurement invariance based on biological sex. Results: The original three-factor structure showed the best fit. Internal consistency was good for the total scale (ω = 0.874; α = 0.869; GLB = 0.939, r M=0.216) and for all subscales (ω = 0.806-0.839; α = 0.769 to 0.812; GLB = 0.861-0.873). Correlations between all three MAFS subscales were significant, ranging between 0.291 and 0.554. All MAFS subscales correlated positively and significantly with cognitive-behavioral skills and adaptive regulatory strategies and negatively with depressive symptoms and suicidal ideation. Conclusion: The Spanish MAFS translation is a valid and reliable self-report measure to assess three domains of psychosocial functioning in adolescents aged 14–19 from the general population.

Original languageEnglish
Article number78
Pages (from-to)1-11
Number of pages11
JournalHealth and Quality of Life Outcomes
Issue number1
StatePublished - Dec 2023

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  • Adolescents
  • Multidimensional adolescent functioning scale
  • Psychosocial functioning


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