Information theoretic limits for free-space optical channels with and without memory

Stojan Z. Denic, Ivan Djordjevic, Jaime Anguita, Bane Vasic, Mark A. Neifeld

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

31 Scopus citations

Abstract

The availability of Channel State Information (CSI) and the effects of channel memory on the capacities and the achievable rates of free-space optical communication channels are investigated. For memoryless channels, the capacities and achievable rates are computed and compared for both uniform and "positive" Gaussian inputs subject to different assumptions on the CSI availability. For the strong turbulence regime, it is shown that the knowledge of CSI both at the transmitter and the receiver increases the achievable rates for low-to-moderate Signal-to-Noise Ratios (SNRs) in comparison to the cases for which the CSI is known only at the receiver. For the weak turbulence regime however, the availability of CSI at both ends of the link does not provide any improvement over a system with CSI known at the receiver alone, and we find that a simple channel inversion technique suffices. In addition, for low SNRs, Pulse Amplitude Modulation (PAM) with M ≥ 4 levels outperforms Gaussian-distributed inputs regardless of the knowledge of CSI at the transmitter. For high SNRs, a Gaussian distribution gives superior results, implying the need for new, more efficient positive signal constellations. For channels with memory and without knowledge of CSI, a change in the channel quasifrequency has negligible effects on the capacity for any turbulence regime.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3376-3384
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Lightwave Technology
Volume26
Issue number19
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Oct 2008
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Manuscript received November 9, 2007; revised March 25, 2008. Current version published December 19, 2008. This work was supported in part by the NSF under Grants CCF-0634969, ITR-0325979, and IHCS-0725405.

Keywords

  • Achievable rate
  • Capacity
  • Channels with memory
  • Fading channels
  • Free-space optical communications

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Information theoretic limits for free-space optical channels with and without memory'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this