The aim of this study was to verify the influence of NaOCl irrigation and water-storage time-WST on the degradation and microstructure of the resin-dentin interface bonded with different adhesive systems using Microtensile Bond Strength test-MTBS and scanning electron microscopy-SEM observations. In the present research, we used ninety sound third molars, divides into eighteen groups. The groups were set by adhesive systems (Adper Single Bond 2:SB, Clearfil Protect Bond:CP, Adper Prompt L-Pop:APL), with or without NaOCl irrigation,for simulate endodontic irrigation, and water-storage time (24 h, 45 d, 90 d). The adhesive procedure was performed at the middle dentin previously exposed. The data were analyzed with ANOVA and Tukey tests (p<0.05). The failure modes, presence or absence of resin tags, and the resin/dentin interface were evaluated by Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) and data were analyzed with the Cochran-Mantel-Haenszel Statistics (p<0.05). The results show that there were no significant interactions between water-storage time, adhesive systems and irrigation. There were significant interactions between irrigation and the storage time, and irrigation and the adhesive system, but not between the adhesive system and the storage time. A significant decrease in MTBS values was noted in the non-NaOCl irrigation groups during WST evaluations. Compared with CP and SB, APL showed a decrease in MTBS values when NaOCl was used. After 90 days of storage, resin tags partially disappeared. Obtained results suggest that NaOCl irrigation did not affect the bond strength for up to 90 days, and when it was used with APL, there was a negative effect on bond strength, which was not found with CP and SB.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
The authors are grateful to Mr. Adriano Luís Martins, Mrs. Eliene Orsini N Romani and Mr. Marcos Cangiani for their cooperation and assistance during SEM analysis and the Microtensile Bond Strength Test. This research was supported by the FAPESP foundation ( 05/58808-7 ), Brazil.
- Adhesive systems
- Microtensile bond strength
- Sodium hypochlorite
- Surface treatment