Individual and contextual factors associated with tobacco, alcohol, and cannabis use among Chilean adolescents: A multilevel study

Jorge Gaete, Ricardo Araya

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

We used the 7th Chilean National School Survey of Substance Use (2007) covering 45,273 students (aged 12–21 years old) along with information from 1465 schools provided by the Chilean Ministry of Education. Multilevel univariable and multivariable logistic regression models were performed. We found a significant intra-class correlation within schools for all substances in the study. Common (e.g., availability of pocket money, more time spent with friends, poor parental monitoring, poor school bonding, bullying others, and lower risk perception of substance use) and unique predictors (e.g., school achievement on national tests) were identified. These findings may help in planning and conducting preventive interventions to reduce substance use.
Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)166-178
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Adolescence
Volume56
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Apr 2017

Keywords

  • Adolescents
  • Cannabis
  • Contextual factors
  • Drinking
  • Individual factors
  • Smoking
  • Substance use

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