How dental students’ course experiences and satisfaction of their basic psychological needs influence passion for studying in Chile

Cesar Orsini, Jorge Tricio, Doris Tapia, Cristina Segura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: This study aimed to determine how the general course experiences of dental students in Chile and the satisfaction or frustration of their basic psychological needs influenced their passion for studying, and how passion influenced students’ study strategies. Methods: A correlational cross-sectional study was conducted at 3 Chilean dental schools between April and June 2018, in which 935 undergraduate students participated. Students responded to Spanish-language versions of 4 psychological scale tools: the Course Experience Questionnaire, the Basic Psychological Needs Satisfac¬tion and Frustration Scale, the Passion Scale, and the Revised Study Process Questionnaire. Data were analysed with bivariate correlations and structural equation modelling, controlling for age, gender, year of study, and type of university. Results: Students’ general course experiences (i.e., good teaching, clear goals and standards, appropriate assessment, and appropriate workload) positively predicted basic need satisfaction and negatively predicted need frustration. Need satisfaction positively predicted passion in students, with stronger scores for harmonious passion. Basic need frustration positively predicted obsessive passion and negatively predicted harmonious passion. Harmonious passion positively predicted deep study strategies and negatively predicted surface study strategies, while obsessive passion positively predicted both deep and surface study strategies. Conclusion: Dental students’ optimal course experiences positively influenced the satisfaction of their basic psychological needs, which favoured harmonious over obsessive passion. In turn, harmonious over obsessive passion positively influenced deep study strategies. Therefore, efforts should be made to provide course experiences that support students’ basic needs and harmonious passion for studying, both in classroom and chair-side teaching.

Original languageEnglish
Article number37
JournalJournal of educational evaluation for health professions
Volume16
DOIs
StatePublished - 2019

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was partially funded by the Chilean National Commission for Scientific and Technological Research (CONICYT), Fondo de Fomento al Desarrollo Cient?fico y Tecnol?gico (FONDECYT), project #11150123.

Funding Information:
This work was partially funded by the Chilean National Commission for Scientific and Technological Research (CONICYT),

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019, Korea Health Personnel Licensing Examination Institute

Keywords

  • Chile
  • Dental students
  • Emotions
  • Frustration
  • Personal satisfaction

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